Sunday, May 11, 2008

My Encounter with the Communion and Liberation Movement

My first encounter with Communion and Liberation Movement and Msgr Luigi Giussani was the November, 2004 issue of their monthly magazine, Traces. My wife and I had had a vicious fight right before she took the kids to Hong Kong for a month, in December, 2004. I was home alone that Christmas season, feeling down, alone, and somberly reflecting on my situation. Meanwhile, at work, Virginia C. had left a Traces magazine on a co-worker’s desk, and so I took it and read it.

Two articles moved me greatly:
"God's Commitment with Man's Brutal Loneliness"
and
"Be It Done To Me According to Your Word"

With Giussani, intuitively, I saw the signs for the way out of my own personal tangle of formalism, moralism, authoritarianism, and intellectualism. I intuitively sensed that I had discovered a way of being Christian that would allow me to be fully and freely human and one that approached life as a wonderfully grand adventure; albeit, one where the stakes were all or nothing.

After reading the whole magazine, I felt like I knew Luigi Giussani personally. To understand why, you would have to have known one of our parish priests, Fr. Richard Joyce, back when I was in grammar and high school (1960s/1970s). Fr. Joyce had regularly and spontaneously engaged young people in casual settings, with questions about the faith. He taught and evangelized people at their own level, but he also understood and discussed freely the philosophical trends and ideas that were current in society.  Joyce was passionate in his Christian convictions and acted freely according to what he believed, without concern for career, status, conventional wisdom, or what anyone else might think of him, and I saw all that in Giussani. Beyond that, Msgr Giussani's ideas about evangelization, about what was wrong with the church, and how to fix it, agreed with my own observations, and that's about the first time that ever happened!

Back at work, and after I had read that issue of Traces magazine, I asked Virginia, "What is this? Who are these people?" I had only heard of Communion and Liberation once, years ago, in an article in the New York Times that labelled them as being conservative because they were loyal to the Pope.

Fr. Giussani had been a seminary professor in Milan, Italy. In the summer 1954, while taking a train to a vacation on the Adriatic Sea, he saw a group of teenagers on the train and, out of curiosity, decided to question them about their knowledge of the faith. He discovered that they were not only ignorant of Christianity but contemptuous of it as well. This precipitous encounter led Fr. Giussani to decide to resign his professorship and to seek a position teaching in Berchet high school, in Milan, Italy, that fall.  The youth group that he formed and the initiatives that they undertook evolved into what is known today as the Communion and Liberation Movement.

In addition to Giussani’s encounter on the train, I was profoundly moved by several other encounters that Giussani had in his first few weeks of teaching high school. Those incidents were examples of living what one believes, of preaching the gospel always--a powerful witness. In the interests of brevity, I won’t describe those additional encounters, but I will at least list them: (1) the encounter with the student named Claudio Pavesi in his very first class at the high school, over faith vs reason (2) the encounter with the students on the street who were wearing Catholic Action logos, (3) observing the groups of students gathered under the school stairways, passionately discussing Communism, and (4) the school assembly where students debated the politics of Communism and Monarchical-Fascism.  Incidentally, in each of these incidents, there is no doubt that Fr. Joyce would have responded in exactly the same way as Fr. Giussani.

After I had read that issue of Traces magazine, I was still unaware of Giussani's method, teachings, perspectives on scripture, his wonderfully wild writing style, his exemplary tolerance and respect for the beliefs of people who were non-Christian, as well as his deep interest and value that he put on all things cultural, especially music.

Nor did I grasp Giussani's emphasis on experience. That took a long time and has been the biggest adjustment I've had to make.  At a social-psychological level, the reason that reliance on experience was so foreign to me was that I grew up Irish-Catholic at a time when Protestantism was still the dominant, overarching culture in America (that insight is courtesy of Christopher Bacich). And my insight is that in that context, unity needed to take precedence over individualism. The mentality was one of circle the wagons, over-protect the children’s minds and morals, tolerate no dissent within the ranks, and present a unified front--survival tactics well-honed in British occupied Ireland, transported to America. To learn from experience was too risky. The community might lose control over someone who did. They would risk making mistakes; they might fail. They might come to do something immoral, or worse, succumb to heresy. That is how I perceive it.

A few months after my encounter with C&L, I attended a seminar on Giussani's book, The Religious Sense. The seminar leader, Christopher Bacich, talked boldly and forthrightly about using experience to grow as a Christian, and I was completely flabbergasted. To me, experience meant experimentation and that was absolutely, completely forbidden (the spector of rebellion, sex, drugs, radicalism, and violence!),

I needed to think about the implications and consequences; yet, though it was hard for me to imagine it for myself, I saw the reliance on experience as an invitation to walk and breathe freely in life, though I still could not accept it. It was quite a shock: I had just been given permission to be in charge of my own life. I am still working on overcoming my old, overly rigid ways, towards becoming freely human, not to mention Christian, and of course, this is a life-long task.

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3 Comments:

Blogger Marc said...

Thanks for your post about Giussani and CL!

1:27 PM  
Anonymous Anonymous said...

Hi Steve,

This is Paul. Your witness is very interesting especialy when you said you encountered CL after experiencing solitude. Guissani mention solitude on the Journey to Truth is an Experience. "A sense of powerlessness accompanies evry serious experience in our lives.
This sense of powerlessness generates solitude. True solitude does not come from being phyisically alone but from the discovery that a fundamental problem of ours cannot find is solution in us or on others. The sense of solitude is borne at the very heart of every serious commitment to our humanity"

Pope John Paul II in his theology of the body general audiences spoke about the meaning of man's original solitude from Genesis 2.

When I read Guissani's words on solitude, they struck me very much because we tend to avoid solitude. But as Guissani says, "The sense of solitude is borne at the very heart of every serious commitment to our humanity". WOW!

I love your witness!
Paul

10:44 PM  
Anonymous Rae said...

Thank you for this. A few months ago my husband and I were talking about Communion and Liberation and that perhaps it could be a good fit for both of us... and looked to find that they have no contacts in our current state.

It seems that it may be time to look into it again now that we're moving.

11:33 PM  

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